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[Visitor (81.198.*.*)]answers [Latvian ]Time :2019-03-25
I should have facts about the typewriter and its development.
[Member (365WT)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2018-03-09
Before birth

In the 19th century, the clerk in the office dominated the world. They sit beside the high-grade desk and write various things with their hands. Orders, delivery lists, business letters, and statements are all written in pen ink.

For many years, many people have tried to invent a machine that makes this work easier, faster, and more efficient. As early as 1714, British engineer Henry Mille received a patent on a writing machine, but did not leave any picture of this thing. Since then, many different types of typewriters have been invented in succession. However, they have not had practical use value and have not been officially produced.

Birth
The earliest typewriter in the world was born in 1808. It was invented by Italian Pellegrini Turi. His motivation for inventing typewriters was to help one of his blind girlfriends. Later, the typewriter was lost, so we couldn't know its shape and structure today, but the letters printed using the typewriter still remain in the archives of Rezo, Italy.

The English typewriter that was put into commercial production for the first time was produced by Jürgens Machines of Copenhagen, Denmark. The inventor of the machine was a priest named Marin Hansen.
The inventor of the first practical, real typewriter was an American. His name was Christoph Larson Shots. In the 1960s, Christopher Lazarm Shoals (also translated as Christopher Larsen Shoals) and Carlos Gliden were trying to make a book that could be automatically paged. machine. Suddenly, Gliden asked Shoals for why the machines did not print on books at the same time. Shawres got up to fight and made a model of a wooden typewriter.
The type dial of the Xiaoers typewriter is basically the same as that of today's typewriters, and a device that can automatically shift after the words are designed, and the typed words are also very clear. However, the type of Shoals typewriter is very large, the shape is ugly, and the operation is also more troublesome, because he designed the dial is uppercase and lowercase letters have their own keys, the keyboard has 78 keys. In addition, this kind of typewriter can't see the words that are typed out. Even if it's wrong, it can't be seen until the entire page is finished.

development of
At about the same time, Yost, who was once a partner with Shoals, also studied typewriters with funding from a company. He used a joystick to make the same key play large and small letters respectively, which reduced the number of keys on the keyboard by 26 at once. Joost also made improvements to the typing section so that the operator can see the words played at any time. In 1874 officially entered the market. Since then, typewriters have been rapidly promoted, and countries such as Britain, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, and Italy have successively built typewriters and formed an emerging typewriter manufacturing industry.

By 1927, when the advertisement of Italian Olivetti was published, the typewriter was commonplace in offices throughout Europe and the Americas.
A weapon maker, Remington, was aware of the potential use of the Shores design and bought its production rights. They started production in 1873 and sold thousands of typewriters in 3 years. The clerk was replaced by the secretary and the business letter completely changed its appearance.
After many people's improvements, the structure of mechanical typewriters was basically established at the beginning of this century. By the late 1970s, with the development of computer technology, computer typewriters had appeared in the United States. Computer typewriters, also known as word processors, have only come from names. We can see that it is different in function from traditional mechanical typewriters. It not only can type, but also has a storage function. It is also very convenient to modify and edit. Therefore, in the 1980s, it became popular in the world and was known as the king of research and production of computer typewriters. An Computer Company was once one of the most profitable high-tech companies in the United States. In addition to computer typewriters such as English that directly compose languages, there are also computer typewriters in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other square languages ​​around the world..However, it was not a long time. With the further development of personal computer (PC) technology, computer typewriters were soon replaced by increasingly powerful personal computers. Wang An Computer Company was not able to respond to the trend of technology and demand development in the 20th century. In the early 1990s, it was in a dilemma. But we can still see the influence of old mechanical typewriters from the order of the 26 English alphabets on a computer keyboard today..
At the beginning of the 20th century, China produced two types of Chinese typewriters Shu and Yu. In the 70's, they began to produce pinyin typewriters.

The invention of the typewriter, Zhai Baotang thought that it was no less than an industrial revolution. It was actually the embryonic form of a computer keyboard. But in that era, this magical machine kept us away from the shackles of writing with a pen and started a new cultural process.

End
The typewriter has been a good partner for people to print documents for more than one hundred years. The sound of typing and the ink on paper were once indispensable in the movie, but Godrej and Boyce announced on April 27th, 2011. When the business of the typewriter was forced to the corner by the computer, they would stop producing typewriter products in Mumbai, India. This means that no more mass-produced typewriters will appear in the world.

The company’s typewriter production plant in North Wales was closed down, and the last off-line typewriter will directly enter the London Science Museum as a landmark of the era. Since 1985, the company has produced 5.9 million Wrexham typewriters. After 130 years, it has finally been completely replaced by computers.
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