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[Member (365WT)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2019-07-09
The Song Dynasty (960-1279) was the dynasty of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms in the history of China. It was divided into two stages: the Northern Song Dynasty and the Southern Song Dynasty. It was composed of eighteen emperors and enjoyed the country for three hundred and nineteen years.
In 960, after the Zhou Dynasty, the generals will launch the Chen Qiao mutiny, and the Song Dynasty will return to the German army to make Zhao Yu the emperor and establish the Song Dynasty. In order to avoid the separatism of the late Tang Dynasty and the eunuch of the eunuch, Zhao Wei adopted the principle of strengthening the text and suppressing the military, strengthening centralization and depriving the military. After Song Taizong succeeded to the throne, he unified the country. After Song Zhenzong and the Liao Kingdom concluded the alliance with the Yuan Dynasty, they gradually entered the world. In 1125, the Golden State invaded the South, causing the shame of Jingkang and the Northern Song Dynasty to perish. Kang Wang Zhao was established in Nanjing, Ying Tianfu, and established the Southern Song Dynasty. Shaoxing and the post-conference and Jin Guo were bounded by the Qinling-Huaihe River. In 1234, the two sides destroyed the gold. In 1235, the Song and Yuan War broke out. In 1276, the Yuan Dynasty captured Lin'an. After the Yashan Battle, the Southern Song Dynasty perished.
The Song Dynasty was an era of highly prosperous commodity economy, cultural education, and scientific innovation in Chinese history. In the three years of Xianping (1000 years), China's total GDP was US$26.55 billion, accounting for 22.7% of the world's total economy. The per capita GDP was US$450, which was more than US$400 in Western Europe at the time. Although the later generations believed that the Song Dynasty was "poor and weak," the prosperity of the Song Dynasty and the prosperity of the social economy far exceeded that of the Tang Dynasty.

In the Song Dynasty, the Neo-Confucianism of Song and Ming Dynasties, the rejuvenation of Confucianism, the rapid development of science and technology, and the openness of politics, and the absence of serious eunuchs and warlords, the number and scale of mutiny and civil unrest in China's history were relatively small. The Northern Song Dynasty's rapid growth in the population of Zhancheng Rice increased from 37.1 million in the five years of Taiping Xingguo (980) to 126 million in Xuanhe six years (1124).
Chen Ruyan: "The culture of the Chinese nation has evolved over a thousand years, creating a world of Zhao and Song." The Western and Japanese historians believe that the Song Dynasty is a scholar of the Renaissance and economic revolution in Chinese history.

The Song Dynasty established the country for more than three hundred years, and it was once overturned. It was a dynasty that did not die in civil strife.

nickname

Song, Da Song, Song State, Song Dynasty, Zhao Song

time

960 AD ~ 1279 AD

emperor

Zhao Wei, Zhao Guangyi, Zhao Zhi, Zhao Wei

capital

Kaifeng, Tokyo

main city

Nanjing Yingtianfu; walking in Lin'an

Language

Chinese

currency

Round hole money (copper money), paying (banknotes)

Population

1.26 billion (1124), 80.6 million (1223)

Major ethnic group
Han Chinese

National Land area

2.8 million km2 (political and inter-annual)

Founder

Zhao Wei
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