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questions :Importance of Nucleic acid
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[Member (365WT)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2019-10-14
Nucleic acids play an important role in practical applications. It has been found that nearly 2,000 genetic diseases are related to DNA structure. For example, human sickle-shaped red blood cell anemia is caused by a change in the genetic code of an amino acid in a patient's hemoglobin molecule, and an albino patient is caused by a lack of a gene on the DNA molecule that produces melanin-producing tyrosinase. The occurrence of tumors, the infection of viruses, and the effects of radiation on the body are all related to nucleic acids. The genetic engineering that has emerged since the 1970s has enabled artificial methods of reorganizing DNA, making it possible to create new types of organisms. If genetic engineering methods are applied, E. coli can produce precious biochemical drugs such as insulin and interferon.

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