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questions :Characteristics of primitive society
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[Visitor (111.8.*.*)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2020-02-08
The bipolar world theoretical analysis pointed out that before the invention of agriculture, the evolutionary motivation of human society came from the threat of nature; after the invention of agriculture, the tribal competition for land instead of the threat of nature has become the main force of human evolution, pushing human social organizations through the form of matriarchal communes A series of transitional forms such as "service marriage" and "monocracy" were transformed into patrilineal clan communes.
In line with the public ownership of the means of production in the primitive society, the social organizations of the primitive society experienced the development of primitive groups, matrilineal clan organizations, and patrilineal clan organizations. Primitive clan organizations are alliances formed naturally based on kinship and democratic management of all clan members. Autonomous organizations. The clan council is composed of all members of the clan and is the highest deliberative organ. All major matters are discussed and decided on an equal basis by all members of the clan. There is no special authority to manage society..Clan leaders are highly respected elders produced in social production and management activities. They do not have any privileges and participate in labor and distribute labor products on an equal basis with other clan members. Their authority comes from their own good quality and clan members. Trust in them...
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In primitive society, the social relationship between people was adjusted through moral and religious norms, especially habits. Clan habits are gradually formed and evolved in the long-term common production and life, passed down from generation to generation, and become the inherent needs of clan members and Externally conscious behavior patterns or behavior inertia. These social norms involve public management, marriage and family, inheritance of property, fishing and hunting, product distribution, bloodline revenge, etc., such as prohibiting intermarriage within the clan, mutual help, implementing bloodline revenge, organizing fishing and hunting, Collecting and primitive agricultural production, distributing products evenly, holding religious rituals together, participating in clan public affairs discussion and management, etc..These social norms were determined by the extremely low productivity. They were compatible with the social structure and social relations at that time, and maintained the production order and life order of the primitive society. The social norms based on habits in the primitive society reflected the commonness of all members of the clan. The interests and will depend on the prestige of the clan tribe leaders, public opinion and the conscious observance of people to ensure its implementation...
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