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questions :Describe the key factors in designing organization structure
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[Visitor (58.214.*.*)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2020-07-25
The six elements of organizational structure design include work specialization, departmentalization, command chain, control span, centralization and decentralization, and regularization.

1. Professionalization of work. The essence of work specialization is that one person does not complete all of a job, but breaks down the work into several steps, and each step is done independently by one person.
2. Departmentalization. The basis of job classification is departmentalization, and the classification of work activities is mainly based on the functions of the activities. Manufacturing managers organize their factories by dividing experts in engineering, accounting, manufacturing, personnel, and purchasing into common departments. Functional departmentalization realizes economies of scale by allocating people with close professional skills and research directions to the same department. Work tasks can also be departmentalized according to the types of products produced by the organization. There is also a method of departmentalization, which is to divide departments according to regions. When a large organization is departmentalized, the above-mentioned methods may be comprehensively used to achieve better results.
3. Chain of command. The chain of command is an uninterrupted power line that extends from the highest level of the organization to the most basic level, clarifying who reports to whom. It can answer questions raised by employees: "Who do I go to when I have a problem?" "Who am I responsible for?"
4. Management range. How many subordinates can a supervisor effectively guide? This question about the extent of management is very important, because to a large extent, it determines how many levels the organization has to set up and how many managers are equipped. When other conditions are the same, the wider the management range, the higher the organizational efficiency.
5. Centralization and decentralization. In some organizations, top managers make all decisions, and low-level managers only follow the instructions of the top managers. At the other extreme, the organization delegates decision-making power to the most basic management personnel. The former is a highly centralized organization, while the latter is a highly decentralized organization.
6. Regularization. Regularization refers to the degree to which the work in the organization is standardized. If the degree of regularization of a job is high, it means that the person doing the work has little autonomy in the content, working hours, and working methods Right. In a highly formalized organization, there are clear job descriptions, complicated organizational rules and regulations, and detailed regulations for the work process. For jobs with a low degree of formalization, relatively speaking, the job executor and schedule It's not so rigid, and employees have a broader right to handle their own work. Since personal permission is inversely proportional to the organization's regulations on employee behavior, the higher the degree of work standardization, the less power employees have to decide their own working methods.Work standardization not only reduces the possibility of employees choosing work behaviors, but also eliminates the need for employees to consider other behavior choices...
[Visitor (111.8.*.*)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2020-03-19
(1) The enterprise system (individual, partnership, company system) is the primary factor in determining the organizational system. Among them, there are many corporate departments, so the management level is more complicated.

(2) The external environment of the enterprise, including macroeconomics, technology, culture, and the competitive environment in which the enterprise is located.

The most important thing is the uncertainty of the corporate environment. And its classification: uncertainty is mainly reflected by two factors, one is the complexity of the environment, and the other is the stability of the environment. These two factors are combined differently in the same matrix, that is, the four types of uncertainty that form the corporate environment:

(3) Business strategy:
Organizational content is the sum of organizational elements, which includes management subject, management object, organizational environment, and organizational purpose. Organizational content must be expressed in a fixed form, and isolated organizational elements that depart from a certain form of organizational content or a certain structure are non-existent and unimaginable. Some management books often regard organizational forms such as organizational structure and organizational system as the constituent elements of an organization. In fact, these are just the forms of organizational elements, that is, the organizational form.


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