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questions :Aim of sports psychology
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[Visitor (120.204.*.*)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2021-09-06
Traditional sports psychology holds that high levels of exercise are mainly reflected in changes in confidence, attention and motivation, but it is not clear how these psychological structures act as muscle movements. Neuroscience connects psychology to body mass by studying brain activity processes, and explains the problem of "psycho-movement" from the point of view of motor efficacy. The study of cognitive neuroscience in sports psychology began with the exploration of self-controlled movements (e.g. shooting, etc.), which mainly used electroencephalography (EEG) analysis to explain the information about movement in the left and right hemispheres of the brain.In the past 20 years, the research mainly focuses on the efficacy of psychological movement to explore the cross-cutting characteristics of psychology, neuroscience, physics, genetics, physiology, engineering and biomechnology. In training practice, although we are very clear about the training plan, but the practical effect is not satisfactory. With the development of the study of the brain's effect on the body, the study of "motor neurosurgeny" has gradually formed in the field of sports psychology, which aims to find more effective ways to guide communication and enhance the confidence of coaching leaders by exploring how psychological factors affect the quality of muscle activity and movement processes...
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The EEG study in cognitive neuroscience found that language function in the left hemisphere of the brain has a direct effect on cognition. The right half of the brain is mainly related to nonverbal visual spatial processes. Using EEG's method to describe the workings of athletes' brains, sports psychologists observed the relationship between brain hemispheric activity and athletic performance through spectral analysis of EEG time, and found that when elite athletes paid attention to concentration, the EEG in the left T3 region was relatively stronger than the same area in the right hemisphere, resulting in lower EEG activity. Dr. Kerick used EEG analysis to test the brain activity of U.S. military shooters when they were shooting "enemy" and "friend", and supported the argument that the brain activity of good shooters was more economical.In addition, the study found that when individuals faced a scenario of failure, activity in the left frontal region of the brain was relatively performance toward tasks, while activity in the right frontal region of the brain was characterized by avoidance. Studies have also found that some of the lower-brain edge tonsil structures that are anatomically connected to the frontal region of the brain also affect emotional behavior. The study of motivational factors mainly found that the leading asymmetry of athletes was significantly reduced under stress conditions by the method of mapping asymmetrical measurements of emotional responses to deep brain structures (i.e., positive values affect positive motivations and negative values affect negative motivations). Further analysis of the correlation between frontier asymmetry and athletic performance found that athletes with poor grades showed lower asymmetry...
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Based on the research foundation of cognitive neuroscience in the field of sports psychology, Dr. Hatfield proposed the cognitive neuroscience model of psychosport effectiveness at the 11th World Congress of Sports Psychology in 2005. The structural pattern mainly describes that when the lack of control of the subcutaneous process may lead to emotional influence on the edge structure, resulting in the superior cortex's assistance process being blocked, forming a lag in the movement chain activity. If the motor cortex is "busy" at this point in the input inconsistency of the execution edge process, it will result. At the same time, this lack of edge execution process control can also lead to an increase in the assist process and a more paying attention to the load.Therefore, this model explains the low-efficacy mechanism of motor movement caused by cerebral cortical process disorder, which provides a basic model for the conceptual testing of neuromuscular movement by psychological processes for sports psychology research. Dr Hatfield believes that the study of motor psychology should use motion control theory to further refine this structural prediction model by testing gene-environment interactions, and that the development of the theory will also rely on mathematical, engineering and physical techniques to explore the working state of the brain...
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