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questions :Aesthetic attitude kind of
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[Visitor (183.193.*.*)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2021-11-05
There are many theories about aesthetic attitude in western traditional aesthetics and modern aesthetics, and their respective views are not exactly the same, and the specific interpretation of aesthetic attitude is not the same, but we can sum up some commonalities from various discussions about aesthetic attitude. Whether it's Shaftsbury's non-utilitarian attitude, Schopenhauer's aesthetic stillness, Kant's "aesthetic no interest" or Brough's "psychological distance", their theoretical views can sum up the following points:
1. They all think that there is an aesthetic attitude different from the practice, rational and moral attitude in the aesthetic activity. Schopenhauer's aesthetic stillness, think that aesthetic attitude is a way to get temporary relief from the bondage of will and desire, this is a kind of ordinary way to observe things is very different from other aesthetic view; Or as Bro said, there must be a certain "psychological distance" between the aesthetic subject and the aesthetic object; Or, as Kant says, this aesthetic has nothing to do with it.In a word, this kind of aesthetic is to go beyond reality, beyond the entity, beyond the individual's desire and practical purpose, beyond the abstract concept of thinking, beyond the moral needs, and make the aesthetic subject focus on the form and appearance of things in order to obtain an aesthetic view of the pleasure...
2. The aesthetic attitude of the aesthetic subject determines the aesthetic object to a great extent. That is to say, whether the aesthetic characteristics of aesthetic objects can be found and appreciated for the aesthetic subject depends on what kind of attitude the aesthetic subject adopts, and what state of mind to pay attention to and watch it. If the subject faces the aesthetic object with a practical or scientific attitude, he can not bet his attention on the aesthetic view of the object, of course, can not find and appreciate the beauty. All these show that the aesthetic attitude of the subject is very important in the aesthetic activity.
For the overall characteristics of aesthetic attitude, we can use a word to sum up, this is "transcendence". Aesthetic attitude is to go beyond the real consciousness of daily life to achieve a temporary transcendence, in short, is the transcendence of practical utility. This transcendence also includes the rapid transcendence of human emotion and other officials, and the transcendence of morality. The last meaning of aesthetic transcendence is that it is the continuous transcendence of aesthetic happiness itself, embodied in the continuous transcendence and promotion of aesthetic happiness, and finally towards the extreme. Schopenhauer's stillness, Blo's "psychological distance", Kant's utilitarianism, etc. are essentially that aesthetic attitude is to demand a kind of "transcendence".Ancient and modern Chinese and foreign, artistic creation is precisely because of this "transcendence" of the pursuit, only produced numerous classics spread over thousands of years; Similarly, art appreciation activities are precisely because of this "transcendence", to be able to appreciate those classics of the Olympic and true beauty, in order to appreciate nature and society in countless beauty...
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