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questions :Meaning of Host Country
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[Visitor (112.21.*.*)]answers [Chinese ]Time :2022-01-24
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Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony has always been the highlight of the Olympic Games. At the opening ceremony, it is necessary to reflect the Olympic spirit aimed at peace, solidarity and friendship, as well as to show the national culture, local customs and organizational work of the host country, and at the same time to express a warm welcome to guests from all over the world. At the opening ceremony, in addition to a series of basic ceremonies, there are generally wonderful group exercises with national characteristics and cultural or military sports performances.
The opening ceremony mainly consists of the following ceremonies: The Chairman of the Olympic Organizing Committee announces the opening ceremony. The President of the International Olympic Committee and the President of the Olympic Organizing Committee greeted the head of state of the host country at the entrance of the stadium and guided him to a special seat. Delegations lined up in alphabetical order of the host Chinese, with the exception of the delegations of Greece and the host country, which entered first and the host country last.

The President of the Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games speaks, and the President of the International Olympic Committee speaks. The head of state of the host country announces the opening of the Olympic Games. The Olympic Anthem is played, and the Olympic flag enters the games hall in a horizontal form and rises from the flagpole of the stadium.
The Olympic Torch Relay runs, enters the stadium, and after the last relay athletes circle the track for a week, light the Olympic flame and release the pigeons. The flags of the delegations formed a semicircle around the podium, which was boarded by an athlete from the host country. He held the corner of the Olympic flag in his left hand, raised his right hand, and read out the following oath: "In the name of all the athletes, I pledge to participate in this Olympic Games with a true spirit of sportsmanship for the glory of sports and the honor of our sports team, and to respect and abide by the rules that guide the Games."
Immediately afterward, a referee from the host country took to the podium and read out the following oath in the same way: "In the name of all referees and officials, I pledge to perform the duties of this Olympic Games in full openness and with genuine sportsmanship, and to respect and abide by the rules governing the Games."
The national anthem of the host country is played or sung, and the delegations withdraw. After these ceremonies, it is a group exercise or other theatrical performance. This is the largest workload, the longest preparation time and the most expensive project for the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games, and the host country often starts to prepare a year or two in advance, and hollows out its mind in order to attract guests with magnificent momentum and unique national spirit. The success or failure of the opening ceremony depends to a large extent on the effectiveness of the group exercises and performances.

Closing ceremony
The opening ceremony is solemn and solemn, and the closing ceremony has a more joyful atmosphere. The indispensable procedure consists of the flag bearers of the delegations entering the field in a column in the order of the opening ceremony, followed by a team of athletes of all nationalities, and the flag bearers forming a semicircle behind the podium.

The President of the International Olympic Committee and the President of the Organizing Committee of the current Olympic Games took to the podium, and the Greek flag was raised from the flagpole on the right side of the central flagpole where the champion flag was raised, the flag of the host country was raised from the central flagpole, and the flag of the host country of the next Olympic Games was raised from the left flagpole. The mayor of the host city takes the podium and gives the flag to the President of the International Olympic Committee, who gives the flag to the mayor of the host city of the next Olympic Games.
The President of the Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games delivered a speech and the President of the International Olympic Committee delivered a closing speech. Immediately after, the Olympic flame was extinguished in the sound of the trumpet, and while the "Olympic Hymn" was played, the Olympic flag was slowly lowered and sent out of the sports field in a horizontal unfolding form, and the flag bearer followed it and retreated. At the same time, a farewell song is played. Delegations withdrew.

Finally, a wonderful theatrical performance is performed.

effect

In 2002, the IOC's Olympic Research Committee published a "Centennial Olympic Analysis Study Report", which conducted a comprehensive assessment of the function and role of the Olympic Games. The impact of the Olympic Games on the host city and host country is summarized into five aspects, including the promotion of tourism.
Peter Uberos, chairman of the Preparatory Committee for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games, creatively put forward the new idea of "raising the Olympic Games with the Olympic Games", and explained the new concept of the Olympic tourism industry, setting an example for the commercial operation of the future Olympic Games. The Los Angeles Olympics revived American entrepreneurship and entered the annals of the development of the modern Olympic movement with successful Olympic market development and corporate operations. The Olympics added hundreds of thousands of inbound tourists to the United States, greatly promoting the development of tourism.
The impact of the 1992 Barcelona Olympics on tourism is clear. The Olympic Games not only made Barcelona one of the most attractive coastal tourist cities in Europe, but also made Spain the second largest tourism foreign exchange earner after the United States.
The 2000 Sydney Olympics injected new vitality into Australia's economic development. Tourism Australia conducted a revaluation study before and after the Sydney Olympics: through the Olympic Games, Australia became the most desirable tourist resort for the world's top ten people; In 2000, Sydney set a record for hosting 49 international conferences, making it the destination city of the world's top five conferences that year. Tourism Australia Director General Kaley B. Said the Sydney Olympics accelerated the development of Australia's tourism industry and matured it 10 years ahead of schedule.
At the 2004 Athens Olympics, Estier Vitali, director general of the Greek Ministry of Tourism, said the Olympics gave Greece a chance to fully publicize, which was more than the country's marketing campaign combined in 15 years. The Olympic Games have once again made Athens the most traditional and well-equipped international tourist destination for tourists, and the capital of urban leisure tourism. From 2004 to 2006, after the Athens Olympics, Greece's international tourist arrivals increased from 12.12 million to 13.75 million, and tourism revenue increased from €10.3 billion to €11.7 billion.
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